Pinke, G.; Tóth, K.; Kovács, J. A. et al.: Use of mesotrione and tembotrione herbicides (2014)

Pinke Gy., Tóth K.; Kovács J. A., Milics G.; Varga Z., Blazsek K., Gál K. E & Botta-Dukát, Z.
2014
Use of mesotrione and tembotrione herbicides for post-emergence weed control in alkaloid poppy (Papaver somniferum)
International Journal of Pest Management 60: 187-195
Summary: 

Two field experiments were carried out a year apart on the alkaloid poppy (Papaver somniferum) in 2012 and 2013 in north-west Hungary, to assess the efficacy of mesotrione and tembotrione herbicides for post-emergence weed control. Our experiments tested (1) a single application of mesotrione at 144 g active ingredient (a.i.)/ha, (2) two separate applications of mesotrione at 144 g a.i./ha, (3) a single application of tembotrione at 88 g a.i./ha, (4) two separate applications of mesotrione at 88 g a.i./ha, and (5) the combination of a single application of mesotrione at 144 g a.i./ha followed by a single application of tembotrione at 88 g a.i./ha. Both non-treated and hand-weeded plots were used as controls. Among the most important weeds, Chenopodium album was most successfully controlled in the majority of the test treatments, but Fallopia convolvulus and Polygonum aviculare tolerated each herbicide application in 2012, likely due to the dry weather conditions. Because of the botanical similarity to the crop, none of the treatments proved to be significant against Papaver rhoeas. One dosage of tembotrione alone never reduced the dry weights of the target weed species or weed numbers significantly. The cuticular wax layer of the opium poppy can provide a natural defence against these herbicides, but some temporary phytotoxic yellowish discoloration occurred after tembotrione treatments. Our results show that mesotrione in combination with tembotrione is the most effective treatment and should be employed in poppy cultivation.